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Friday, May 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Visual pop-out in older infants? found in the catalog.

Visual pop-out in older infants?

Shauna L. Kingsnorth

Visual pop-out in older infants?

an investigation of shape from shading and simple features.

by Shauna L. Kingsnorth

  • 398 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

This thesis presents a series of seven experiments exploring infant visual search. The first four experiments focus on object shape from shading. Experiment 1 demonstrated that adult search rates were not affected by increases to the visual angle made to accommodate the infant visual system. Experiment 2 examined infants" abilities to discriminate between stimulus pairs by presenting displays of targets-only and distractors-only in a habituation/novelty-recovery paradigm to 5- and 7-month-olds. The younger infants did not demonstrate a looking preference whereas the older infants preferred the familiar displays; this latter finding suggests that they alone perceived the differences in illusory depth. Experiment 3 explored visual pop-out for shading using a preferential looking paradigm with 7-month-old infants only, simultaneously presenting them with target/distractor and distractor-only arrays for three types of shaded circles. No evidence of a preference was found. To avoid the potential that older infants were able to conduct two types of search when the displays were presented simultaneously, Experiment 4 used single presentations of each type of display in a habituation/novelty-recovery paradigm. Similarly, no evidence of recovery from habituation was seen. These findings raise the possibility that measures of look duration may not be suitable for assessing pop-out in older infants. The second part of this thesis explored this issue by examining infant visual search for simple two-dimensional stimuli. Three experiments were conducted using Xs (target) and Os (distractor) as the elements of interest. Experiment 5 revealed that 8-month-old infants could readily discriminate between target-only and distractor-only displays. Experiments 6 and 7 examined pop-out for this simple letter pair using the preferential looking paradigm and the habituation/novelty-recovery paradigm previously employed. Neither produced evidence of discrimination. These findings are discussed within the context of the methodological limitations of adapting adult paradigms for use with older infants in investigations of visual search.

The Physical Object
Pagination133 leaves.
Number of Pages133
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21303053M
ISBN 100494078367

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Visual pop-out in older infants? by Shauna L. Kingsnorth Download PDF EPUB FB2

Studies with very young infants have suggested that they too might exhibit pop-out. However, infant studies have used paradigms in which pop-out is measured in seconds or minutes, whereas in. VISUAL POP-OUT IN YOUNG INFANTS: Convergent Evidence and an Extension Paul C. Quinn Washington & Jefferson College Ramesh S.

Bhatt University of Kentucky The familiarization/novelty-preference procedure was used to test for visual pop-out of two possible perceptual primitives, line-crossings and orientation differences, in 3- to 4-month-old by:   Older children can use highly visual texts to delve into symbolism, metaphor, onomatopoeia, and other literary devices.

Non-fiction picture books may have special visuals that children also need to understand. Look out for diagrams, graphs, pie-charts, and cross-sections in not only picture books but magazines and encyclopedias.

The eyes have it: Visual pop-out in infants and adults. Colombo et al. (), using a preferential looking task, presented 3- to 4-month-old infants with a homogeneous array of either O's or Q's paired with a heterogeneous array of a single Q among O's (feature-present condition) or with a single O among Q's (feature-absent condition).Results indicated the infants preferentially oriented their attention to the heterogeneous array only in the Cited by: 1.

Visual supports are a form of adaptation that rely on visual cues to allow infants and toddlers, and older children, to participate in activities and routines. Because infants and toddlers may find it difficult to communicate using words, visual supports can Visual pop-out in older infants?

book them with a systemFile Size: 1MB. And wow, there are some really, really beautiful pop-up books for kids that have been published in the last year, along with some classics I still adore.

These are books that I’m enjoying as much as the kids are, even as they give my children a glimpse into another world, teach them a wider appreciation for art, or are just super fun.

Maurice Sendak's popular children's book was first published in Over the course of 50 years 19 million copies of Where the Wild Things Are have been sold.

This short story follows Max on his imaginary adventure to see The Wild Things after being sent to bed with no supper.

THE POWER OF VISUAL LEARNING AND Boston, MA HarperCollins Children’s Books: MathStart. Charlesbridge Publishing: I SEE I LEARN. Pearson Education: enVisionMATH Pearson High School Mathematics digits I SEE I LEARN at School. Visual learning strategies and storytelling provide helpful ways to model the behaviors File Size: KB.

Until your baby is old enough for those, there's Welcome, which explains to babies some of the many wondrous things to look forward to in life, like music and cats. By Dr. Seuss The Foot Book. Figure 1 Proposed conceptual framework for the development of visual attention in it is also the case that newborns’ and 1-month-old infants’ visual re- Visual pop-out in infants Author: John Colombo.

Your face, with a loving expression, is a most welcome visual stimulus for a baby. Babies can see best about 12 to 18 inches from their eyes.

Thus, the diapering table, when you are bending over a baby as you change his diaper, is a visual stimulation locale par excellence.

Hearing. Babies are quite sensitive to sounds even before they are born. (After birth, babies prefer to hear a mother's voice reading a. visual system in infants and children are provided in the accompanying TABLE 1 Periodicity Schedule for Visual System Assessment in Infants, Children, and Young Adults Assessment Newborn to 6 mo 6–12 mo 1–3y 4–5 y 6 y and older Ocular history x x x x x External inspection of lids and eyes x x x x x Red reflex testing x x x x xCited by: 4.

Older babies + toddlers: a classic that mama loves, too. As your child gets older, adjust what you're reading accordingly. Children's versions of classic books can be just as entertaining for you, mama, which will make you more likely to stick with a reading : Justine Lorelle Lomonaco.

By DK Books This tome of different babies making expressive faces (happy, sad, etc.) helps boost your baby's social IQ. Plus, the squishy cover is perfect for mouthing, teething babies.

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Visual search studies with adults have shown that stimuli that contain a unique perceptual feature pop out from dissimilar distractors and are unaffected by the number of distractors.

Studies with very young infants have suggested that they too might exhibit pop-out. However, infant studies have used paradigms in which pop-out is measured in seconds or minutes, whereas in adults pop-out occurs Cited by: Book: Infants generally prefer to look at patterns of high visual contrast (black and white checkereboard).

This is because young infants have poor _____ _____, meanig that they can detect a pattern only when it is composed of highly contrasting elements. The book explains orientation and mobility, each eye condition and offers solutions others can use to help people who have a vision impairment.

Find it in the US Find it in the US & UK. Poppy has Visual Impairment by Gwyneth McCormack Description: This book contains a descriptive story about a child called Poppy who has visual : Amber Bobnar. Lift the flap books for 18 month olds are a major hit at this age but this one really helps them grasp the concept of the potty.

Also, 18 months is a great age to introduce potty books! Author, Karen Katz produces some fantastic books that are colorful and beautifully put : Ashley Gammon.Many families are familiar with classic books like Goodnight Moon and read them over and over with their very youngest are some more recent titles and reissues you and your baby will both love.

(Note: Many of these books are available in Spanish, and can be purchased as a hardcover, paperback, or board book.).One of the greatest moments as a new mother is the first time your newborn daughter or son opens their eyes and makes eye contact with you. But don't be concerned if that doesn't happen right away.

The visual system of a newborn infant takes some time to develop. In the first week of life, babies .